Autism is a disorder of neural development
characterized by impaired social interaction,
communication and restricted behavior.
Cause and treatment:
Research suggests that genetic and environmental factors may affect brain development.
Until now there is no complete cure for it, but there are some methods of enabling learning
and Increasing quality of life
Brain parts affected by autism:
Autism affects sensory, motory and memory and postural control - anything that requires a
high degree of integration of information.
= Inability to socialize with others = Do not make eye contact = Echoes words or phrases
= Cannot start a conversation = Repetitive body movement = Show usual attachment to objects = Difficult in expressing needs = Resist change in routine = No sense of fear
SPECIFIC LEARNING DIFFICULTIES: Affect the way information is learned and processed.
ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
ANXIETY: Accompanied by nervous behavior, such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints and rumination.
TOURETTE ́S: Repetitive movements or sounds that some people make, seemingly without realizing it.
OCD: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a mental health condition - Obsessive thoughts and com pulsive activity.
DCD: Developmental Coordination Disorder, also known as developmental dyspraxia, a type of motor learning difficult.
GIFTED: Intellectual giftedness is an intellectual ability significantly higher than average.
SENSORY INTEGRATION DISORDER: Is a condition that exists when multi sensory integration is not adequately processed in order to provide appropriate responses to the demands of the environment.
AUDITORY PROCESSING: Umbrella term for a variety of disorders that affect the way the brain processes auditory information.
DEPRESSION: State of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person’s thoughts, behavior, feelings and sense of well-being.
ADD: Attention Deficit Disorder, forget their homework, daydream during class, act without thinking, or get fidgety at the dinner table.
ODD: Oppositional defiant disorder, a pattern of angry/irritable mood, argumentative/defiant behavior, or vindictiveness.